Valgus deformity of the tibia – the tibia and fibula deviation to the side, in which the legs take the form of the letter X. It is accompanied by the violation of the support function of the foot.
Valgus of the tibia can be congenital and acquired. Congenital disorder associated with malformations of the skeletal system. Acquired deformation occurs due to such reasons:
These conditions are accompanied by a decrease in bone strength. They often reinforce existing minor congenital deformity.
Valgus deformity often develops in the first years of baby's life after he learns to walk. Pathology causes intense strain on the legs during rapid growth with concomitant weakening of the ligaments and muscles. First affects the knee joint. When viewed from the side it is seen that legs like arched back in his lap. Rear thigh and lower leg resemble the letter X, and the distance between the inner ankles is greater than 5 cm
In a further modified stop: the child starts to rely on internal edge of sole, developed PLANO-valgus change its shape, and flat feet. Walking becomes unsure and awkward. The child complains of fatigue and pain in legs.
If the degree of de severity of valgus on each side are different, gradually curved spine.
Valgus deformity is detected during the inspection of the physician. To confirm the diagnosis carried out x-rays of the lower limbs in two projections. For the diagnosis of concomitant flatfoot plantography is applied.
To identify the causes of strain you may need an ultrasound examination of the joints, blood tests with determination of sugar content, calcium, indicators of the kidneys.
If the child is rickets, diseases of the endocrine glands or urinary system, receives appropriate drug therapy.
Parents need to make sure the baby is not standing with splayed feet. It is better to avoid the long walk and playing in the standing position. For walks use orthopedic shoes with a beveled heel, with special insoles and a rigid heel counter.
At home the child is to be barefoot. A beneficial effect has walking on grass, sand in iaculis toes small pebbles.
If the disorders of the tibia expressed, use special tires, and surgery. The operation involves the removal of the wedge from the femur and the restoration of the axis of the limb. This was followed by a correction of the axis of the legs using transosseous osteosynthesis. With his help, if necessary, the elongation of the limb. Surgery allows to correct the form of feet. If both treatment of the underlying disease, valgus usually does not recur.
To prevent progression of the deformity helps massage. It increases the tone of muscles and ligaments, resulting in the limb being strengthened.
Massage course consists of 15 – 20 sessions, which are held every day or two. The break between the series of procedures is 2 – 4 weeks. For each course massage intensity should be strengthened, but it should not be painful.
It is desirable that the procedure performed by a qualified specialist. During a session of stroking, rubbing and then stretching my back muscles, lumbar region, buttocks. Then using a variety of techniques affecting the muscles of the hips, legs, knee and ankle joints.
Useful and therapeutic exercises, exercises on the wall bars, swimming. The child should sit more in Turkish walking on uneven surfaces. The treatment process is de valgus lasts a long time; parents need to be patient and to be persistent.
Disease by themselves an unpleasant phenomenon, and the disease major organs and body parts — this is a real disaster. Feet, namely the feet bear the entire weight. To be always healthy and on their feet, it is necessary to carefully monitor the condition.
The human foot is the lowest division of the foot which is in contact with the surface of the earth. The trace is divided into several parts — the arch, back, heel, instep and sole. The components of the foot are muscles, ligaments and bones. Moving the foot through the joints. Muscles, attached via tendons to the bones permits flexion and extension of the toes. Bones connect between the cords. They also support the muscles. Bone and muscles are connected by tendons.
Pain in the foot may indicate a variety of diseases that are treated different from other methods. And also pain in the foot, in certain circumstances, accompany internal diseases. So before you apply one or another method of healing pain, be sure to identify the cause of pain.
Pain in the foot can be divided into acute and chronic. Acute pain occurs abruptly and worries for a short time, while chronic pain lasts for several days, weeks, and if not treated, then months. Accompanied by pain in the foot:
In the case of pain need to contact in traumatologist, orthopedist, neurologist, surgeon, a rheumatologist or physician. It is only the true specialist will be able to correctly diagnose the disease appeared.
In adults, the emergence of diseases of the feet is associated with improper care, shoes that can get uncomfortable to wear, lifting and carrying heavy objects. The legs should be carefully monitored, because they allow the person to walk.
Change and deviation of the big toe from the rate of growth is called bone. When this deformation of the big finger is sloped in the internal part of the foot. For this reason, curva joints on the outside formed a kind of lump. Activators of this disease of the foot is tight uncomfortable shoes, arthritis (e.g., osteoarthritis, arthritis).
Primary and secondary stage of the disease are treated by wearing correct shoes. The good, the right Shoe has a wide toe box. That is a wide toe box reduces pressure on the fingers, which helps to eliminate discomfort during the walk. And also together with specialist specialized orthopedic products that also contribute to the reduction of tension and friction.
In the treatment of bones of the thumb are used: supinators, bespalchikov cushions, orthopedic insoles and proofreaders. With all of these utilities eliminated the pain, slows the process of development of the disease, corrects gait.
Medications that are used to correct bone — physiotherapy and anti-inflammatory drugs.
In the case when the disease has passed the stage of neglect to fix it is possible only through surgical intervention. The process of removing the bones of the big toe following:
The man noticed the foot in the area of the thumb knot, needs to see a specialist. The doctor in the examination will examine the symptoms, course of the process and inform about the necessary treatment that will allow in the future to preserve the ability to move independently.
Calluses and corns are common on the feet of a man. It is a kind of protection from damage. The reason for their appearance is often wearing of tight shoes. To avoid the appearance of calluses and corns need to withdraw from the purchase of cramped, uncomfortable shoes, and if you bought it, it is the first time wearing use patch.
Treatment of corns and calluses:
The cause of virus. Penetrates the sole of the feet through cracks in a moist environment (for example, in public baths or saunas).
With plantar warts is good salicylic acid. In the case of severe stage of the disease the treatment is performed by specialist, resorting to freezing, burning and so on.
Those who have experienced this unpleasant disease, he knows the unbearable pain brings the nail. Additional symptoms are swelling of the foot, redness, infection.
The reasons for the appearance of ingrown nail refers to the tight shoes and incorrect nail obstriganie.
With the unbearable pain, the doctor surgically removes the ingrown nail. In other cases, treatment is done by steaming the feet and putting cotton under the nail. A cotton ball should be carefully planted so that the nail does not touch the skin of the foot.
Gout is a kind of arthritis. Symptoms include severe pain, the skin may be red, appears swelling, or hardening.
Causes of gout — the deposition of salts in the joints and the high content of uric acid in the blood. To alleviate and relieve pain, the doctor prescribes anti-inflammatory and drugs that reduce uric acid levels. After a sharp pain shot specialist continuing treatment as follows:
With the steady implementation of all instructions of the doctor, gout is treatable, and stop HP regeneration.
Flatfoot causes: heredity, trauma or rheumatoid arthritis.
Symptoms: pain in the legs after prolonged walking or standing. When a large weight sharp pain in the feet.
Treatment: mandatory wearing orthopedic insoles with arch supports and exercise to strengthen the leg muscles.
In valgus installation stop cosmetic defect may be unobtrusive, which implies certain difficulties in the diagnosis. In this case, the pediatrician prescribes examination, an orthopedic surgeon, and he will send the patient for x-rays for a detailed study of the skeleton of the lower extremities and spine. From all this we can assume that the most effective way to prevent hallux valgus is a timely consultation with a pediatrician and a podiatrist. Even if in the first year of a child's life no curvature was not observed, this does not mean that in the future they will not occur. Doctors emphasize to young parents on the fact that up to the fifth year of baby's life there is a very high risk of deformities, as the muscles develops to this period.
Due attention should be paid to the selection of shoes for a child. In these cases, the perfect orthopedic and serial models, if chosen properly, in size. And here at home the baby needs most of my free time barefoot. Even in the absence of obvious signs of hallux valgus and it will prevent the development of flatfoot in the future.
Please note that orthopedic shoes for women and girls is somewhat different from that of men. First, it has a more rigid rear portion of the insole. Second, physical activity was slightly displaced to the center of the foot. This is required for correct structure of the pelvic bones of the fair sex, which the body is physiologically more prepared since childhood to reproductive function. Therefore orthopedic shoes different for girls and boys. You repeatedly tell the pediatrician or orthopedic surgeon in the examination of the child.
Widely practiced for the prevention of the wearing orthopedic shoes with instep et, the function of which is the optimal placement of the foot, preventing the accumulation of excess moisture in the lower extremities, edema.