Valgus deformity of feet: causes pathology and ways of treatment

Bumps on legs is increased bone located in the foot. They can be seen even visually. Such education can be bony spurs or seal tissue. A bump on the foot is not only a cosmetic defect, but serious reason to see a specialist-a podiatrist.

In medicine this phenomenon is called hallux valgus. The bumps may be located on the side of the big toe, on top of the leg lift, from below on the outer side.

valgus deformity of the feet

If education is on your thumb, it pulls inward legs bent. The person feels severe pain, he's uncomfortable to walk in regular shoes. But bones also suffer ligaments, tendons, tissue, disrupted blood supply, the bones are gradually destroyed.

The reasons why the feet appear hard bony lump

Reasons why there are bony growths on the feet, a lot.

The main ones:

  • bursitis – inflammation of the joint capsule;
  • arthritis joints – inflammation of the joints;
  • exostosis cartilage or bone overgrowth;
  • transverse flatfoot the divergence of the metatarsal bones;
  • osteoporosis – a decrease in the density of bone tissue;
  • disorders of the endocrine system;
  • the genetic factor.

Seal at the bottom of the foot can occur due to different injuries of the tibia, foot, congenital defects after diseases related to muscle nerve fibers, for example, cerebral palsy, polio.

Uncomfortable, narrow and small shoes can cause the appearance of the bones in the toes and bony bumps on foot bottom.

This high-heeled shoes, with angustatis nose.

In such shoes, the load on the leg is uneven, the front portion is deformed, the thumb develops osteoarthritis articular.

The appearance of tumors on the foot, you must immediately go to the doctor to be examined, after which the specialist will be able to prescribe the right treatment.

If you delay the process of development of growth of bones, this can lead to more serious negative consequences, such as bone destruction, life-long lameness. In this case resort to surgery, after which require a long rehabilitation period.

symptoms of valgus

Symptoms of valgus.

Beginning of the formation of pathological changes in the bone protruding, it is easy to notice. It is usually located either on the side or on the outside of the legs, and sometimes on the underside of the sole. This is the main symptom valgus..

To it are added other symptoms

  • redness in this place;
  • swelling;
  • the pain and discomfort;
  • corn;
  • thickening of the skin;
  • the local temperature increase;
  • constrained movement of joints.

A bump on the foot side of the foot arises from the fact that the metatarsal bone begins to bulge outward, the thumb is formed on top of the seal. Shoes compresses the finger, the person feels pain and discomfort when walking.

Hygroma is a bump on the foot, located on top of its climb. There is a protrusion of the synovial sheath of a tendon or joint. Hygroma can be placed anywhere on the leg, from the ankle to the toes. Such education may not produce pain, may disappear, and then reappear. Can be hard when feeling or moving, rolled under the skin. If the lift became so lumpy, it is better to consult a doctor.

Diagnostics

Diagnosis is carried out specialists such as: orthopedic surgeon and orthopedic surgeon. They examine the leg, sent for x-rays, which you can use to see the degree of deformation of the foot and related disease (cysts, arthritis, aseptic necrosis, inflammation of the periosteum, osteoarthritis). X-ray shows whether to do surgery or not. Sometimes prescribed ultrasound of the joint, pass a blood test for reactive protein and rheumaticky.

Treatments

Conservative treatment involves taking anti-inflammatory painkillers, medium, relieving swelling.

However, this treatment full recovery does not, only temporarily removes the symptoms then can progress with greater force. Necessarily need to wear orthotics, socks, shoes, cushions, straps, insoles.

hallux valgus surgery

Surgical treatment. Currently a more effective way of treating these bumps on the legs is a surgical method. However, a crucial method is assigned not for everyone and not always.

The operation is performed if the lump is placed on the side of the big toe, begins to disturb and give severe pain. Is assigned in cases where conservative methods have no effect do not give. With surgery can correct the deformity of the feet, it gives a positive aesthetic result.

Modern surgery offers several methods of removing the cones on the legs.

  • Exostectomy. The deformed joint top excises, fixed with special plates, screws, wire and sutures. This method does not give 100% guarantee that relapse will not. Rehabilitation can be painful and take 2-6 months. May develop complications after surgery: soft tissue infection, osteomyelitis, bleeding, displacement of separate fragments of the bone;
  • Corrective osteotomy. The bone breaks down and recovers its form, which was changed earlier;
  • The proximal osteotomy. The removal of the bones of the base of the proximal phalanx of the thumb;
  • Method Austen., Reverdin-Green. Rearranging the bones.

Traditional medicine

You can make a warm foot bath with herbal decoctions, sea salt, iodine. It would be good to conduct courses of therapeutic massage, physiotherapy.

Other folk methods:

  • iodum mesh;
  • warm compresses with potatoes;
  • lotions from herbal infusions;
  • egg ointment.

But they also reduce inflammation and pain only for a while.

hallux valgus prevention

Prevention of hallux valgus

Shoes should be chosen correctly, to be with a comfortable fit and no heel, the right size, not narrow. If you choose a heel, he should not exceed 6 cm in height. Choose shoes have natural materials: skin, suede, textile to keep your feet breathing.

To constantly do exercises and massage for the feet, to raise muscle tone. In the summer it is necessary to walk barefoot on sand, grass, small pebbles. Such preventive measures will help prevent the appearance of transverse flatfoot and arthritis.

Seal legs may be different. The most common is the bony lump on the side of the thumb. They deliver much discomfort to humans, cause severe pain when walking. And there may be bumps located on the outer side of the foot or bottom of it. They deliver less discomfort and not so painful on your thumb.

Conservative treatment of special effects does not, and only temporarily relieves symptoms and pain. By far the most effective method of removal of such seals is a surgical operation.

If there are bumps on the foot, you should not delay the visit to the podiatrist. No matter where it will be on the outside, side or bottom, in any case, the doctor will be able to give a professional assessment of the condition and prescribe appropriate treatment tailored to each individual case.

14.02.2019