Orthopedic insoles with valgus deformity

The natural position of the legs is determined by a test using straight lines, which when conducting between 1 and 2 toes runs between the middle of the knee and hip joint. In case of any deviation from the trajectory is diagnosed with valgus deformity. (flat feet), for correction of which are used in prosthetic devices, including orthotics. Often when orthotics hallux valgus is assigned to correct pathological changes in the foot early on.

orthopedic insoles

Functional features

To adjust the stop state when the deformations are assigned to the pads of different shapes, in the manufacture of which used primarily leather, fleece, six, or silicone. Product design will allow you to return to vault feet normal position because the arch support acts as a simulator.

Curvature of tibia at valguse have the form X, and change the stop resembles the letter A. When the deformation changes of the first toe and use toe dividers, fixing the correct position of the joint.

Orthotics is recommended to wear to:

  • reduce the load on the lower limbs;
  • lifting feelings of fatigue in the legs;
  • improving venous blood flow in the lower extremities.

In some cases impossible wearing traditional insoles and requires correction of the deformity with polystelic are missing the front part. Minor abnormalities of stop podiatrist may recommend wearing a special calcaneum pulvillos.

Varieties of orthotic insoles

The functionality of orthotics to correct hallux valgus are divided into the following types:

  • treatment – the main purpose of these products is the correction of the position of the stop relative to the musculoskeletal system, which explains the presence of additional corrective items (bandage, arch support and high sides). Such models contribute to the relief of pain, correction of biomechanics of feet and increase its endurance;
  • arch support – these products reduce the stress on the feet, minimize the pain during strong physical load on the lower limbs;
  • sodforming – these products are assigned to ensure a smooth transition arch of the feet. They're most commonly used in pediatric orthopedics for correction of flatfoot;
  • exonerandas – used when you need a uniform load distribution across the foot, which is achieved by small bumps and grooves that are present on the product. This helps to avoid contact of the sole and the portion of the patient's legs when walking, due to the difference of composition and density of materials.

PLANO-valgus feet in the stage of progression involves the use of a soft liner with a low arch support, which in appearance resembles a small pillow that can change its shape and height of the pressure feet.

the types of insoles

Marking

When buying insoles should pay attention to special markings that identify the intended use of the product:

  • VP-1 — recommendation for use of such insoles is a feet deformity in pregnant women, professional activity, associated with prolonged stress on the heel area, as well as the initial stage of flatfoot. This marking is the liner that is designed to relieve the inner longitudinal arch and metatarsal area. Most often used in the prevention of flatfoot;
  • VP-2 and orthopedic medical device that is assigned to the application for correction of hallux valgus feet. Such products are special arch supports for the heel region and additional inserts for the longitudinal arch of the feet. Furthermore, the model VP-2 can be used with heel spurs;
  • VP-3 — this product is equipped with a tab for the longitudinal arch of the feet, and arch support under the heel and pronator for the front brake. Used in valguse and as a preventive measure when promoted foot;
  • VP-4 — with this marking the insole has the same properties as VP-3, but with the addition of hard stickers, fixing the big toe;
  • VP-5 is the same as all the other types of insoles, it is recommended to use the deformation valgus. and equipped with arch support for heel and forefoot;
  • VP-6 — used as a preventive treatment for the drooping arch of the feet. In this model, there is a special tab for longitudinal and transverse arch of the feet, and heels special shock absorber. This marking involves the use of products for anatomically correct fixation of the feet;
  • VP-7 — this marking indicates the presence of pronator along the outer edge of the foot and locking in henpecker. Orthopedic product VP-7 is designed to be worn in active form hallux valgus of the feet;
  • VP-8 model has a pronator on the outer part of the foot, as well as a special "wing" to hold in proper position the thumb;
  • VP-9 — it is recommended to wear with shortened limbs, as the special pad under the heel adds height;
  • VP-10 — used very rarely and mostly in the formation of corns combined with valgus deformity.

It should be remembered that orthotics are to be operated together with the shoes that you use daily. If you want to adjust the product acceptable its a little pruning, but only on the inner and upper edge. The outer sections is strictly forbidden to touch, as this can lead to increased deformation.

The design of orthopedic insoles

Orthopedic product should occupy the entire internal space in the Shoe. They can be soft and hard, and the effectiveness of treatment with orthopedic insoles largely depends on the design of corrective products.

Currently there are the following structures:

varieties of insoles
  • frame;
  • cross;
  • combined;
  • longitudinal;
  • the floor of the insole;
  • baby.

Each model is individually chosen by the doctor-orthopedist. When transverse flatfoot form of the most effective insole in pelot is a special pad that moves in accordance with the individual characteristics of the structure of the feet. For the longitudinal flat feet is the most optimal products with the liner, which is located along the stop, and for people with combined form of violation of recommended orthotic insole with arch supports and pelota .

Rules of selection

To obtain a positive result from the use of insoles, as well as ensure maximum comfort during walking, the choice should take into account some rules:

  • preventive insole made of cork, leather and foam are best suited for women who prefer high heels;
  • patients weighing more than 100 kg, it is preferable to use a hard plastic or graphitic insoles. If instability of the ankle, accompanied by flat feet, you need to use semi-rigid insoles. Not recommended the use of insoles for wounds in the feet;
  • with the development of flatfoot in patients with diabetic manifestations, it is recommended the use of double-layer orthopaedic insoles. They, in addition to the therapeutic effect, preventing the formation of calluses;
  • AD-hallux disorders, accompanied by pain when walking, include the use of a felt or leather orthotic insoles;
  • patients dealing with long-standing, frame the necessary hard ware. Athletes, on the contrary, without a frame;
  • for kids insoles at valguse best suited out of thermoplastic. At valguse in children insoles are selected solely by the podiatrist, in accordance with the degree of deformation. In childhood, most often defined by a longitudinal flat feet and it is therefore imperative that the orthopedic inserts for shoes have been equipped with special modules, which support the arch of the feet. To reduce the loads on the area of the heel need to choose insoles or the insole orthopedic with 3 points;
  • silicone products cannot be worn continuously for more than 16 hours. Wearing insoles is determined by the orthopedist, in the initial stage it amounts to no more than 15 minutes, and further gradually increases.

Important! Babies up to 3 years in the absence of serious pathologic disorders need to mandatory use of orthopaedic insoles, because this is associated with anatomical features of a stop that is not well formed and as they grow older, the condition can be stabilized independently.

Reviews

reviews

Numerous testimonials indicate the effectiveness of orthotic insoles in hallux valgus the stop:

Irina, Pskov
"During pregnancy there is nagging pain in tarso., especially when you walk long. At the next appointment my doctor said that after birth everything goes, but the miracle did not happen. I long suffered, was all professionals, and until that moment, until I saw an orthopedic specialist, there was no improvement. He recommended me to buy orthopedic products and wear them daily. The beginning was unusual, and even the back felt a little sore, but after 3-4 days the discomfort disappeared and walking became much easier".

Elena, Krasnoyarsk
"My son at 5 years old the doctor found hallux valgus change and prescribed stop wearing hard orthopedic insole. Heard the opinion of other parents about the benefits of such products, so when my child became hysterical on the walk and to behave restlessly, surprised. Another reason, in addition to insoles, absolutely not. Already wanted to remove them entirely, but a warning podiatrist about the consequences of the forced to cope with this problem. In spite of everything, continued to wear insoles, and did not regret it. By the way, that the anxiety of the son was short (2 days) that we steadfastly endured. At the next examination, the orthopedist said that the deformation is gradually decreasing, which my husband and I are very happy".

Ilya, Novosibirsk
"I use the insoles regularly, and if you do not wear them for 2-3 days, you feel discomfort. Without them, my favorite Barber turns into a real torture. I advise everyone, especially who are forced by virtue of its activities of long standing".

Most reviews on orthotics insoles hallux valgus with stop indicate that a properly chosen product, especially for deformity correction in children is an excellent means of reducing the symptoms. In the case when the pathological changes in the feet detected at an early stage, they are successfully treated with conservative therapy, massage, special gymnastics and orthopedic products. Therefore, of great importance is the timely treatment to the doctor at the first signs of the disease, as well as regular checkups.

06.02.2019